Link Building Fundamentals, Part One

by Eric Ward

President - EricWard.com

Chief Link Evangelist AdGooroo.com


 

Link Building Then...

When I began link building in 1994, nobody gave much though to it

There were just a few crawler based search engines, like Excite, Webcrawler,  and Lycos, directories like Yahoo, and very few places where people could announce and seek attention for web sites, like Lycos' TOP 5%

There was no "link analysis", no link popularity and no Pagerank, because there was no Google.  Search Engine Optimization had nothing to do with link building, and link building was practiced by just a handful of folks like myself. On 286's with modems. 

Link Building Now...

Link Building In 2011  - Everybody cares, but why?

Many reasons, but mostly because some types of links improve your site's search rank

We now have tools and tactics and schemes and scams 
for building links, publicity, and "buzz"

links pages
web guides
web directories
link farms
blogs
splogs
social linking
paid links
press release links
article links

And...we have companies all over the world claiming expertise and selling linking related services which are 100% useless.

Why The Big Change?
 



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PageRank

 
The fabric of the web itself, links, can serve as signals of quality

Links have become the currency of the web
 


 

Audiences for your links:

You now have two audiences for your links:

1). People who click them
2). Search Engines that judge and score them

........
 
 

What can links do for your site?

Links can accomplish four things:

1). Direct click traffic
Links can be from pages related to your niche that send you a direct clicks. Example niche:SPEED TV Best Of The Web. Digg, and even Twitter or paid links can bring direct click traffic.

2). Search rank
Links that help search rank will be earned by content merit, originate from source sites engines trust, and be put in place by people who could be described as "curators of quality".  Here's a great example of a merit based link venue
 

3). Both
A link that can help rank and send direct click traffic is a rare thing.  Your niche's most trusted source sites are different than mine.
 

4). Neither
A link that can neither help rank or send direct click traffic. The vast majority of web.
 
 

Effective link building involves multiple strategies, including
Basics: 
The links anyone can get - like directories wide and vertical

Merit based earned by quality of content:
Links from "curators" - those looking for the most useful sites in their niche

Online public relations:
Blogger outreach

Linkbait:
Useful, funny, or controversial

paid links:
For advertising, not search rank

On-site link optimization


Tactics to avoid...
 

Buying links in an attempt to trick Google

Cookie cutter packaged link services

Linking decisions based on a search engines only

Tactics which the engines have stated are against Quality Guidelines
See: http://www.google.com/support/webmasters/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=35769
 

Remember...
In general, the easier any link is to obtain, the less useful that link is likely to be

The specific approach used for any given web site should be different based on each site's focus, content, and intended audience

Example:

What is a high value link target for this site?

....http://www.beeculture.com

Would it be a link from a random web directory like this

No.

It would be a link from a topically relevant and "curated" site like this
 

What is a high value link target for this site?

....http://disney.go.com/cars/cars2/

A link from a site that's devoted to upcoming movie releases, like this  
A link from a site devoted Disney vacation Club members, like this

The point? 
The type of links that help one site are not the same that will help another site, and every site has its own linking potential.

.
In Summary...
  • The links that point to your site tell a story about your site, like a transcript or "rap sheet"
  • Engines decide if that story is credible, in order to make decisions about your site's ranking 
  • Since the linking approach required for any given web site must vary depending on that site's focus, content, and intended audience, then each site deserves its own link building and content publicity plan or blueprint 
  • Your most important decision about links will be which ones to pursue, and why
 

 
 


 

Link Building Fundamentals, Part Two


  • Linking terminology
  • Linking Analytics: Free and fee based link analysis tools
  • Using link data analysis to identify potential targets and strategies
How To View Part Two of Link Building Fundamentals
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Link Building Fundamentals, Part Two


  • Linking terminology
  • Linking Analytics: Free and fee based link analysis tools
  • Using link data analysis to identify potential targets and strategies

 

Linking  Terminology

"PageRank"
Google's algorithmically based measure of the importance 
of a particular page
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PageRank
"Nofollow"
According to Google...

Nofollow provides a way for webmasters to tell search engines that a paid link is on their page, so that Google will not give the site being linked to organic rankings "credit".

Example:
What you see: 
Visit our expert snowboards site
What the engines see 

<a href="http://www.evo.com/" rel="nofollow">expert snowboards</a> site.
 

"Anchor text"
The text that is within the clickable link above. 

While I understand it can help search engines understand what your content is about, the most trustworthy pages will NEVER let you control your own anchor text.

Example:
The Internet Public Library http://www.ipl.org/
Here's how they link out... live

Here's the site they link to

The Queen of TreesView
Website for a program that looks at the relationship between a Kenyan fig tree and the wasps that pollinate its flowers. Includes background about fig trees in general and about sycamore figs trees in Kenya, a photo essay on sycamore figs and fig was ... 
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/episodes/the-queen-of-trees/introduction/1362/


"Reciprocity"

When two sites link back and forth to each other. Strict rules of reciprocity cannot be perfectly defined, but having a high reciprocity percentage is thought to be a red flag

For some subjects, it is perfectly normal, almost expected, that the link reciprocity percentage should be extremely high. See these two examples.

Bats versus Bats

http://www.batconservation.org/
http://www.nasbr.com/

Isn't it pretty logical that bat conservation sites would link to one another compared to sites selling baseball bats that compete with each other?


Linking Analysis: Free and fee based linking tools

 
For linking data about your own site, available to only you
Google Webmaster Tools (free)
https://www.google.com/webmasters/


 
 


Bing Webmaster Tools (currently buggy - free)
http://www.bing.com/toolbox/webmasters/


 
 


Free linking data about any site, available to anyone

Yahoo Site Explorer http://siteexplorer.search.yahoo.com/search?p=www.ericward.com&fr=sfp
 


 

Blekko
http://blekko.com/ws/http://ericward.com/+/seo

Open Site Explorer
http://www.opensiteexplorer.org/www.ericward.com.com/a!links

Majestic SEO
http://www.majesticseo.com/reports/search?folder=&q=ericward.com
 
 


Fee based linking data about any site, available by subscription

There are three key players. All have advantages
 

Link Insight  $300 -$500/mo
Has most aggressive quality scoring algo. Does not accept all clients

 
 

Linkscape/Open Site Explorer $100 -$2,000/mo


 

Majestic SEO - $10 -$250/mo


 

Using link data analysis to identify potential targets and strategies
 
 

A competitor or industry backlink profile can produce an 
amazing amount of useful link data

                                                                                                                                                                             linking data image courtesy of link insight
 
- Backlink data by itself is useless unless you know what to do with it

- The competitiveness of the vertical dictates the potential to improve your rankings

- Link analysis isn't just about search rankings

- You may need a combination of several tools and your own smarts to determine the best linking strategy for any given situation

Other Helpful Tools for Process and Workflow 
Buzzstream - $30 - $1,000+/mo
Raven SEO -    $20 - $250/mo
Ontolo -         $300 -$1,200/mo

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Link Building Fundamentals

by Eric Ward

Chief Link Evangelist AdGooroo.com
President - EricWard.com